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Modern history of the Czech Republic


The way to democracy and independence

Students who went to the demonstration to the 50th enclosure of universities were rudely
supressed by the communists on 17th November and in two days Vaclav
Havel (he was a playwright and dissident and he was imprisoned twice by the
Communist regime and his plays were banned so he was an international symbol
for human rights, democracy, and peaceful dissent) became the leader of
demonstration and OF (Občanské forum) was established.

Velvet revolution

On 24 November 1989 the communist leader abdicated and as the revolution was nearly bloodless it bears
the name the Velvet revolution. Václav Havel became the first democratic
president after the Velvet revolution. In 1993 there was the split of
Czechoslovakia into two separate countries – the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
The Czech Republic became a part of NATO in March 1999.

Import and export partners

The most significant sectors of the Czech Republic’s economy was industry, wholesale and retail
trade, transport, accommodation and food services to. The main export partners
are Germany, Slovakia, and Poland, however, the main import partners are
Germany, Poland or Slovakia.