Modern history of the Czech Republic
Since 1918 the union of the Czech lands and Slovakia emerged and the Czech lands became one part of the new state – Czechoslovakia. Twenty years of liberty became but because of German occupation of the state and the duration of World War II Czechoslovakia turned to the Protectorate Czech and Moravia. In April 1945 the former government returned and pre-war boundaries were restored. In 1946 the Communist became the leading political party in the country and they gained control of the government in 1948. Since then the democratic state ceased to exist and state was under the control of Soviet state.
Basic facts about the Czech Republic
The Czech Republic is the country with rich history, splendid nature, vivid cultural life, and different architectural styles. Czech beer, crystal, handicraft, Czech cuisine, composers, singers, artists are world-famous and the Czech Republic can be proud of them.
The Czech Republic is situated in the hearth of Europe. The Czech Republic, borders with Germany in the west, Austria in the south, Slovakia in the east and Poland in the north. Area is about 80.000 square kilometres. The population is about 10 million people. The capital city is Prague. Prague states for the centre of history, culture, industry and political life. It is the seat of our president Miloš Zeman and the government. The national anthem is called Where is my home and the flag consists of three colours – red at the bottom, white at the top and blue makes a triangle on the left side.
Charles IV and his importance for Prague
Charles IV (1316 – 1378) from the House of Luxembourg was the King of bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor. His original name was Wenceslas (Václav in Czech). And he used to be the German king and king of Bohemia from 1346 to 1378. In 1355 he was the Holy Roman emperor to his death. Charles IV is often taken as the most diplomatically skillful sovereigns of the 14th century. Through marriages, purchases and inheritance he was able to gain more than other European kings at war. There can be said that till the 18th century the German imperial crown was based on crown of the king of Bohemia.
The Municipal House in Prague or Obecní dům in Czech is declared to be one of the most imposing examples of Art Nouveau in the capital of the Czech Republic.
Be romantic in New World Street, Prague
Romantic Lane Near Prague Castle
The Estates Theatre was first opened in 1783 and it stands for the Prague’s most beautiful and oldest building in neo-classical style. In fact, the Estates Theatre is definitely one of the most gorgeous theatres in all Europe.
The Bethlem Chapel stands for the national cultural sight that is also the birthplace of the Hussites.
Golden Lane in Prague which is named Zlatá ulička in Czech stands for an ancient street in Prague Castle complex.
Lesser Town (Malá Strana)
The Lesser Town or the Little Quarter is located in the surrounding of the Prague Castle. This part of Prague is very picturesque with its old burgher houses, quaint streets and favourite St. Nicholas Church. At the same time it is a preferred place for movies and commercials.
The Charles Bridge stands for a world-famous historic bridge which crosses the Vltava river in the capital of the Czech Republic – Prague. It was founded in 1357 under the reign of Charles IV and it was finished in the early 15th century.
Strahov Monastery states for a Premonstratensian abbey which was founded in the early 12th century by Jindřich Zdík (who was the Prague Bishop), and also Duke Vladislav II. The unique building is situated in Strahov.
The end of the Second World War in Czechoslovakia
The German occupation of Czechoslovakia took place between 1938 and 1945 when the Nazi annexation of Sudetenland took place outlined by the Munich Agreement (about us without us). The leader of German land Adolf Hitler proclaimed that German ethic who lived in here suffered in here.
Bombing of Prague during the World War II
The bombing of the capital of our republic took place on February 14, 1945 (US Army Air Forces carried out an air raid over the city). The state was named to the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia during this war. And American pilots proclaimed that it happened due to a navigation mistake. And there is need to say that there was a damaging bombing of Dresden at this time (about 120 km away from Prague).
Old Town Square
The Old Town Square belongs to the most impressive and ..........
GPS Bike Tour
GPS BIKE TOUR - PRAGUE CITY HIGHLIGHTS 790 czk
Vysehrad and its legends
Vysehrad stands for one of the most essential historical sites in the capital of the Czech Republic. Its exterior is really impressive as Vysehrad is a huge fortress that stands on a high cliff above the world-known river Vltava. There are to Gothic towers of the Church of St. Peter and Paul that makes it recognizable for its visitors.
Another important sight of Prague is Karlstejn Castle. The castle was found in 1348 by Charles IV who was the Holy Roman Emperor and the King of Bohemia.
Castle Ride Tour
We will look into magical places, such as the Old Town Square that is the
oldest and the most important square of the historical city.
Explore Prague – get on the bicycle
Are you sport addict and at the same time a great history fan? Then city ride tour is just for you. Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic and it lies in the heart of Europe.